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Mauritius Standards Bureau>Certification Schemes>Food Safety Management System

Food Safety Management System

Managing Food Safety


The consequences of unsafe food can be serious. The implementation of a food safety management system enables an organization to identify and control food safety hazards. As many of today's food products repeatedly cross national boundaries, International Standards are needed to ensure the safety of the global food supply chain.


Food safety has become a worldwide concern. It is now generally accepted by legislation, enforcement officers and food professionals that a formal, structured food safety management system is the most effective way of managing and controlling food safety hazards in the preparation and handling of food and food related products. In this context the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) has developed a number of standards. These are referred to as the ISO 22000 family.








The ISO 22000 family

The ISO 22000 family contains a number of standards, each focusing on different aspects of food safety management.  These include:


ISO 22000:2005 contains the overall guidelines for food safety management

ISO/TS 22004:2014 contains guidelines for applying ISO 22000

ISO 22005:2007 focuses on traceability in the feed and the food chain

ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 contains specific prerequisites for food manufacturing

ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 contains specific prerequisites for farming


ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements for a food safety management system where an organization in the food chain needs to demonstrate its ability to control food safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe at the time of human consumption.


It is applicable to all organisations, regardless of size, which are involved in any aspect of the food chain and want to implement systems that consistently provide safe products.  The means of meeting any requirements of ISO 22000:2005 can be accomplished through the use of internal and/or external resources.


ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements to enable an organisation:

·         to plan, implement, operate, maintain and update a food safety management system aimed at providing products that, according to their intended use, are safe for the consumer,

·         to demonstrate compliance with applicable statutory and regulatory food safety requirements

·         to evaluate and assess customer requirements and demonstrate conformity with those mutually agreed customer requirements that relate to food safety, in order to enhance customer satisfaction,

·         to effectively communicate food safety issues to their suppliers, customers and relevant interested parties in the food chain,

·         to ensure that the organization conforms to its stated food safety policy,

·         to demonstrate such conformity to relevant interested parties, and

·         to seek certification or registration of its food safety management system by an external organization, or make a self-assessment or self-declaration of conformity to ISO 22000:2005.


ISO/TS 22004:2014Food Safety Management Systems – Guidance on the application of IS0 22000

The document provides generic guidance that can be applied in the use of ISO 22000

ISO 22005:2007Traceability in the feed and food chain

ISO 22005:2007 gives the principles and specifies the basic requirements for the design and implementation of a feed and food traceability system.  It can be applied by an organization operating at any step in the feed and food chain.


It is intended to be flexible enough to allow feed organizations and food organizations to achieve identified objectives.

The traceability system is a technical tool to assist an organization to conform with its defined objectives, and is applicable when necessary to determine history or location of a product or its relevant components.


ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 – Prerequisite programmes on food safety


ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 specifies requirements for establishing, implementing and maintaining prerequisites programs (PRP) to assist in controlling food safety hazards.

ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 is applicable to all organizations, regardless of size or complexity, which are involved in the manufacturing step of the food chain and wish to implement PRP in such a way as to address the requirements specified in ISO 22000:2005, Clause 7.

 ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 is neither designed nor intended for use in other parts of the food supply chain.

Food manufacturing operations are diverse in nature and not all of the requirements specified in ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 apply to an individual establishment or process.

 Where exclusions are made or alternative measures implemented, these need to be justified and documented by a hazard analysis, as described in ISO 22000:2005.  Any exclusions or alternative measures adopted should not affect the ability of the organization to comply with these requirements. 


ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 – Specific Pre-requisites for farming


ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 specifies requirements and guidelines for the design, implementation, and documentation of prerequisite programmes (PRPs) that maintain a hygienic environment and assist in controlling food safety hazards in the food chain.


Benefits of MS ISO 22000

Greater confidence in the organization's products as regards to food safety.

Enhanced customer satisfaction.

Less customer complaints.

Greater profitability.

Enhanced image of the organisation.

Can be used as a marketing tool

Contact the Unit: Mr A Ramsamy