Managing Food Safety
of unsafe food can be serious. The implementation of a food safety management
system enables an organization to identify and control food safety hazards. As
many of today's food products repeatedly cross national boundaries,
International Standards are needed to ensure the safety of the global food
Food safety has
become a worldwide concern. It is now generally accepted by legislation,
enforcement officers and food professionals that a formal, structured food
safety management system is the most effective way of managing and controlling
food safety hazards in the preparation and handling of food and food related
products. In this context the International Organisation for Standardization
(ISO) has developed a number of standards. These are referred to as the ISO
The ISO 22000 family
The ISO 22000 family contains a number of
standards, each focusing on different aspects of food safety management. These include:
ISO 22000:2005 contains the overall
guidelines for food safety management
ISO/TS 22004:2014 contains guidelines for
applying ISO 22000
ISO 22005:2007 focuses on traceability in
the feed and the food chain
ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 contains specific
prerequisites for food manufacturing
ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 contains specific
prerequisites for farming
specifies requirements for a food safety management system where an
organization in the food chain needs to demonstrate its ability to control food
safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe at the time of human
It is applicable
to all organisations, regardless of size, which are involved in any aspect of
the food chain and want to implement systems that consistently provide safe
products. The means of meeting any
requirements of ISO 22000:2005 can be accomplished through the use of internal
and/or external resources.
ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements to
enable an organisation:
to plan, implement, operate,
maintain and update a food safety management system aimed at providing products
that, according to their intended use, are safe for the consumer,
to demonstrate compliance with
applicable statutory and regulatory food safety requirements
to evaluate and assess customer
requirements and demonstrate conformity with those mutually agreed customer
requirements that relate to food safety, in order to enhance customer
to effectively communicate food
safety issues to their suppliers, customers and relevant interested parties in
the food chain,
to ensure that the organization
conforms to its stated food safety policy,
to demonstrate such conformity
to relevant interested parties, and
to seek certification or
registration of its food safety management system by an external organization,
or make a self-assessment or self-declaration of conformity to ISO 22000:2005.
22004:2014 – Food
Safety Management Systems – Guidance on the application of IS0 22000
The document provides generic guidance that
can be applied in the use of ISO 22000
22005:2007 – Traceability
in the feed and food chain
ISO 22005:2007 gives the principles and
specifies the basic requirements for the design and implementation of a feed
and food traceability system. It can be
applied by an organization operating at any step in the feed and food chain.
It is intended to be flexible enough to
allow feed organizations and food organizations to achieve identified
The traceability system is a technical tool
to assist an organization to conform with its defined objectives, and is
applicable when necessary to determine history or location of a product or its
22002-1:2009 – Prerequisite programmes on food safety
22002-1:2009 specifies requirements for establishing, implementing and
maintaining prerequisites programs (PRP) to assist in controlling food safety
22002-1:2009 is applicable to all organizations, regardless of size or
complexity, which are involved in the manufacturing step of the food chain and
wish to implement PRP in such a way as to address the requirements specified in
ISO 22000:2005, Clause 7.
ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 is neither designed nor
intended for use in other parts of the food supply chain.
manufacturing operations are diverse in nature and not all of the requirements specified
in ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 apply to an individual establishment or process.
Where exclusions are made or alternative
measures implemented, these need to be justified and documented by a hazard
analysis, as described in ISO 22000:2005.
Any exclusions or alternative measures adopted should not affect the
ability of the organization to comply with these requirements.
22002-3:2011 – Specific Pre-requisites for farming
ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 specifies requirements
and guidelines for the design, implementation, and documentation of
prerequisite programmes (PRPs) that maintain a hygienic environment and assist
in controlling food safety hazards in the food chain.
of MS ISO 22000
Greater confidence in the organization's
products as regards to food safety.
Enhanced customer satisfaction.
Less customer complaints.
Enhanced image of the organisation.
Can be used as a marketing tool
Contact the Unit: Mr A Ramsamy